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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versión On-line ISSN 1812-9528


FRESCO, María del Pilar et al. Violence and depressive symptoms in Psychology students. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2018, vol.16, n.1, pp.39-44. ISSN 1812-9528.

The objective was to determine domestic violence experience and its relation with depression in psychology students. Cross-sectional diagnostic descriptive study, which included 1st to 5th year Psychology students from two private universities. After informed consent, a self-administered structure and anonymous questionnaire was applied. The study variables included socio-demographic data, records of physical and psychological violence determined by the scale of Gelles and Strauss and the WHO Primary Care screening questionnaire for depression. Data were loaded in an Excel spreadsheet and then analyzed by SPSS. Out of 146 students, 61.6% (n=90) was between 18 and 25 years old, 82.9% (n=121) were female; single 73.3% (n=107), 63.6% (n=93) had a job, 69% (n=101) was catholic, 84.2% (n=123) participated in recreational activities, 58.2% (n=85) have participated in a group or social organization. Seventy four students (54.7%) referred having suffered physical violence and 69.9% (n=102) psychological violence; 51% (n=75) had depression symptoms. Depressive symptomatology was related with psychological violence (p<0006) and physical violence (p<0.008). This is the first study on a very current but little explored issue which has the limitation of studies with non-probabilistic sampling. Therefore, it needs to be considered as a first approach to the theme.

Palabras clave : violence; depression; psychology students.

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