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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528

Abstract

ROMERO, Dael Abigail et al. Seroprevalence and associated risk factors of toxoplasmosis among women in reproductive age who attended district Hospital of Lambaré, Paraguay. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.15, n.3, pp.83-88. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2017.015(03)83-088.

Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease of worldwide prevalence, caused by an intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii that infects living beings and has as its final host the felines. The present study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis and associated risk factors in non-pregnant reproductive age women attending the Hospital District of Lambaré, Paraguay. Serum samples were obtained from 185 women and analyzed by ELISA for the detection of IgG antibodies specific for T. gondii. Surveys designed to collect demographic data and risk factors were used. Descriptive statistics were applied and chi2 and OR (odds ratio) were calculated for the analysis of hygienic, nutritional and knowledge variables. Of the 185 participants, 117 presented positive serology for anti-T. gondii IgG, yielding a prevalence of 63% IC95 (56,2-69,7). The level of knowledge was The only risk factor significantly related to to positive serology for toxoplasmosis. Although the other risk factors were not statistically significant, probably due to the high seroprevalence in this population, there is no doubt that they contributgreatly to the spread of the disease.

Keywords : toxoplasmosis; seroprevalence; risk factor.

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