SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.15 issue3Composition of out-of-pocket health spending in the health system of ParaguaySeroprevalence and associated risk factors of toxoplasmosis among women in reproductive age who attended district Hospital of Lambaré, Paraguay author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO

Share


Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528

Abstract

GALEANO, Rosa Alicia et al. Burden of Influenza in the community of Barrio Obrero. Paraguay. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.15, n.3, pp.73-82. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2017.015(03)073-082.

Influenza (FLU) causes severe morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence, etiology and use of resources for influenza in a low-income neighborhood in Asunción, Paraguay through a prospective population base cohort with stratified random sampling of houses from July to October 2013. Monitoring of cases of influenza-like illness (ILI) was by telephone. In ETI cases, nasopharyngeal swabs were collected for RT-PCR and IFI. Risk factors for ETI were established using chi square test at p≤0.05; RR with CI 95% was also calculated. Of 8,279 homes, 401 families (2,065 people) were monitored; 141 ILI cases were identified, yielding an incidence of 6.8% (95% CI 5.5-7.6), 56% of cases sought medical attention, mostly (80%) in public health services. Among the ILIs, 84% of nasopharyngeal swabs were tested, 22% positive for respiratory viruses; 86% FLU (63% FLU A, 37% FLU B). An association (p<0.001) between ILI disease and aged less than 5 years (RR: 2.43 (1.68-3.49) was found. This is the first study that gives information on Influenza burden in Paraguay. Telephone monitoring was a good strategy for house monitoring in order to identify cases of ILI. Influenza virus was the most common pathogen identified, with a high demand for medical assistance, which results in a substantial burden for health services.

Keywords : telephone; Paraguay; influenza human; follow-up studies.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )