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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528

Abstract

BARRIOS, Claudia; BUENO, Elvio; BENITEZ, Aldo  and  ALSINA, Shirley. Association between hypoglycemia and morbi-mortality in hospitalized patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.15, n.3, pp.13-18. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2017.015(03)13-018.

The objective of the study was to determine the frequency of hypoglycemia and its association with clinical outcome and mortality in adult patients withtype 2 diabetes admittedinto medical wards at the medical clinic ward of the Hospital de Clínicas in Asunción Paraguay. In this observational analytical study 150 patients with known history of diabetes wereconsecutively admittedin the 2013-2014 period;mean age was 61.2 ± 12.1years, female (56.7%), average duration of diabetes (8.1±8 years), 50 (33,3%) patients were admitted due to infections and 47 (31,3%) due to cardiovascular events and the rest to various causes.The average HbA1c was 9.5±3% andhypoglycemia (glucose<70 mg/dl) was reported in 32 patients (21%).When compared to patients without hypoglycemia, patients with hypoglycemic events hadlower BMI 23.52 ± 5 vs 28.29 ± 5,2 (p= 0.02), serum albumin 2.65 ± 0.59 vs 3.04 ± 0.6 g/dL (p= 0.002), hemoglobin: 9.8 ± 2.3 vs 11.05 ± 2.7 g/dL (p= 0.02) and longer duration of diabetes 11.7 ± 9.2 vs 6.93 ± 8.9 years(p=0.03). During the hospital stay, those with hypoglycemia had a longer stay 21.65 ± 15 vs 10.48 ± 7.15 days (p= 0.0001) and higher mortality rate 12.5% vs 2.5 % (odds ratio (OR): 5.61, p=0.03), higher complication rate 78.1 % vs 39.8 % (OR: 1.99,p= 0.001) and more likely to be admitted to ICU (12.5% vs 6.8 %, OR: 1.94 p= 0.02) as compared to patients without hypoglycemia.Our results indicate that inpatients hypoglycemia is a marker of general illness and isassociated with poor clinical outcome, increased morbi-mortality as compared to patients without hypoglycemia.

Keywords : Diabetes mellitus type 2; hypoglycemia; mortality..

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