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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528

Abstract

AGUILAR, Gustavo et al. Identification and characteristics of Candida spp . in vaginal secretion of pregnant and non-pregnant patients. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.15, n.3, pp.6-12. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2017.015(03)06-012.

The objective of this study was to identify Candida spp. isolated from vaginal secretion of pregnant and non-pregnant women and relate them with microscopy, symptoms and signs characteristic of vaginitis caused by this yeast. A total of 743 vaginal secretion samples wasstudied from patients consulting at the Department of Bacteriology and Mycology of the Central Laboratory in 2015. All samples were cultured on CHROM agar Candida and Sabouraud agar. The identification was made by macro and micromorphology, biochemical tests, auxonogram and commercial method. In pregnant patients (n = 522), 536 Candida spp. were isolated: C. albicans 463 (86.4%), C. glabrata 46 (8.6%), C. krusei 9 (1,7%), C. parapsilosis 9 (1.7%), C. tropicalis 8 (1.5%), C. lusitaniae 1 (0.1%). In no-pregnant patients (n = 221),222 Candida spp.were isolated: C. albicans 163 (73.4%), C. glabrata 31 (14%), C. krusei 10 (4.6%), C. parapsilosis 9 (4.1%), C. tropicalis 6 (2.7%), C. guilliermondii 1 (0.4%), C. kefyr 1 (0.4%) and C. novergensis 1 (0.4%).In the non-pregnant women, a higher percentage of non-albicans Candida species isolation was observed (26.6% vs 13.6%). Fifteen patients (2%) with two Candida species were detected. In pregnant as well non pregnant women, presence of pruritus, inflammatory reactions and and presence of pseudohifas were more frequent when Candida albicans was isolated.We emphasize the importance of culturing samples in chromogenic agar to identify and differentiate Candida species for epidemiology and an effective treatment of the vaginitis caused by this yeast.

Keywords : pregnant; vaginal secretion; Candida spp.; Paraguay..

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