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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versão On-line ISSN 1812-9528

Resumo

BATTILANA-DHOEDT, José Alberto et al. Epidemiologic profile and delay to attend hospital of patients with acute coronary syndrome. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.15, n.2, pp.56-63. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2017.015(02)56-063.

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in the world. Ischemic cardiomyopathy produces an important economic burden to public health. Therefore, it is important to know the incidence of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study investigates consultation time at the hospital emergency service from the beginning of symptoms in patients with ACS. In addition, it evaluates the relation between accumulated risk factors and the incidence of ACS with ST segment elevation. The study population comprised 89 patients with ACS with an average of 65 years of age. Sixty three percent of the patients were male and had an average of 61.7 years of age while female population had an average of 70.5 years of age. The percentage of patients with ACS with ST elevation was 40%. Only 24% of the total number of patients arrived within the first 3 hours to the hospital, and it was unrelated to the place where they came from. The predominant risk factors were arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. The percentage of people who arrive out of the adequate therapeutic window (76%) still remain high. However, the difference is not statistical significant if it is classified by site of origin. Each of the cardiovascular risk factors increases by 10% the chance of developing ACS with ST elevation in patients with ACS.

Palavras-chave : acute coronary syndrome; cardiovascular risk factors; delay in consultation; ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome.

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