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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versión On-line ISSN 1812-9528

Resumen

BELLO, Laura García et al. Risk factors and prevalent cardiopathies in hospitalized women in the Cardiovascular Medicine Division of the Clinical Hospital. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.15, n.2, pp.45-55. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2017.015(02)45-055.

Most of the clinical trials on cardiovascular diseases had scant women representation in the population studied. Hence, there has been a movement to stimulate the inclusion of more women in the clinical studies. In this present descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study we aimed to determine the form of presentation of cardiopathies, to describe the cardiovascular risk factors, to determine the incidence of ischemic cardiopathy and the treatment received in hospitalized women in the Division of Cardiovascular Medicine of the Clinical Hospital. The study included 250 patients with 187 male patients (75%) and 63 (25%) female patients. The age of the women was between 25 and 94 years old, with an average of 60±7,3 years. The women had heart failure 26 (41%), acute coronary syndrome 20 (32%), valvulopathy 8 (13%), and complete AV block 7 (11%). Out of the women with acute coronary syndrome, 3 patients had three vessel disease, only 1 had normal coronary arteries, and 8 patients had stenosis of the anterior descendent coronary artery. All women had sedentary lifestyle as cardiovascular risk factor, 55 (87%) arterial hypertension, 39 (62%) dyslipidemia, 34 (54%) obesity, 12 (19%) type II diabetes mellitus, and 12 (19%) smoking. The magnitude of the cardiovascular risk factors in women depends not only on the alteration of one parameter but also on the presence of other risk factors. Therefore, an adequate integral multifactorial management in the global concept of cardiovascular risk factor in women is required.

Palabras clave : Cardiovascular risk factors; Hospitalized women; Acute coronary syndrome.

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