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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versión On-line ISSN 1812-9528


VESTER, Jaime Mauricio  y  RODRIGUEZ-RIVEROS, María Isabel. Knowledge and experiences of nursing students in the administration of major opioids in the treatment of pain. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.15, n.2, pp.21-29. ISSN 1812-9528.

Opioids are drugs that play a fundamental role in the management of pain, they can produce adverse effects, and knowing them allows prevention and treatment. Nursing acts at the end of the drug therapy process, increasing its responsibility to evidence and prevent failures. The objective was to determine the knowledge and experiences of nursing students in the administration of opioids in the treatment of pain. This was a descriptive, transverse observational study. An organized questionnaire was applied in: demographic characteristics, knowledge about opioids and pain and experience in the administration of opioids. The sample consisted of 202 nursing students from the Dr. Andrés Barbero Institute-National University of Asunción. The overall knowledge about opioids was 37.6% (76), while 62.4% (126) did not know about them. The most well-known aspects were: concept of analgesics, opioid analgesics and pain, classification of pain, nursing actions in the presence of pain, the main pharmacological class used in the acute treatment of pain, the morphine-related items exceeded 60% of knowledge. The percentages below 60% were concept of nociceptors, opioid classification and opioid group. It was found that 14.87% had experience in the administration of opioids, of which 43.3% (13) had global knowledge about opioids and 56.7% (17) did not know them. It is concluded that only a little more than a quarter of the students knew about the administration of principal opioids in the treatment of pain, however, there was no significant association between those who know and administer.

Palabras clave : opioid analgesics; pain; nursing students..

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