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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versión On-line ISSN 1812-9528

Resumen

ACOSTA-COLMAN, María Isabel et al. Cardiovascular events in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and their association with cardiovascular risk factors. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.15, n.1, pp.80-87. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2017.015(01)80-087.

Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have a high cardiovascular risk, whose etiology is not yet known accurately. It has been postulated that both traditional cardiovascular risk factors and certain factors related to the disease itself could be involved. In this study, we analyzed a group of patients with SLE and determined the presence of cardiovascular events (CE), and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF), both traditional ones and those inherent to the disease. Besides, the association of the risk factors with the development of a CE (i.e. acute myocardial infarction, arterial hypertension (AHT), cerebrovascular accident) was studied. In a total of 83 patients, the most frequent CE was AHT in 41% of the patients. In relation to traditional CVRF, sedentary lifestyle was the most frequent (72%) followed by obesity. When we analyzed each CE and their association with the CVRF, we found a significant association between AHT and dyslipidemia (p = 0.001). In relation to cerebrovascular accidents, we observed an association with advanced age (p = 0.037) and presence of antiphospholipid syndrome (p = 0.001). The high frequency of CE in patients with diagnosis of SLE showed the need of a detailed initial assessment to stratify both traditional and non-traditional CVRF of a patient with SLE to allow a better monitoring and thus improve cardiovascular prognosis of these patients.

Palabras clave : Systemic lupus erythematosus; Cardiovascular risk factors.

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