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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versión On-line ISSN 1812-9528

Resumen

VILLALBA, Jorge; BARRIOS, Ivan; SAMUDIO, Margarita  y  TORALES, Julio. Knowledge about insomnia of medical residents in Paraguay. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2017, vol.15, n.1, pp.73-79. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/mem.iics/1812-9528/2017.015(01)73-079.

Insomnia is a global distribution disorder that may occur at any age and up to 30% of the world’s population suffers from insomnia at some point in their lives. Insomnia presents the peculiarity of being a symptom of a number of medical pathologies among which are many psychiatric disorders. The objective of this cross-sectional, observational study was to determine the knowledge on insomnia in medical residents in Asunción, Paraguay. The study includes 54 medical residents between 26 and 39 years of age, from the Departments of Internal Medicine (26), Family Medicine (11) and Psychiatry (17). A higher proportion of residents of Psychiatry (47.1%) and Family Medicine (45.5%) had a good knowledge of insomnia compared to Internal Medicine residents (7.7%); 59.3% of residents (Psychiatry: 58.8%, Family Medicine: 75.0% and Internal Medicine: 53,8%) had ever diagnosed primary insomnia and the majority of them recorded ≤20% of the patients with an insomnia diagnosis in the medical records. About the treatment established, 57.4% used pharmacological measures, 55.5% sleep hygiene measures, while 18.5% recommended physical activity. Among the pharmacological groups known for the treatment of insomnia, 72.2% of residents cited benzodiazepines; non-benzodiazepine hypnotics (16.7%); antipsychotics (35.2%); antihistamines (9.3%) and, other medications (27.8%). Residents' knowledge of insomnia therapy is sufficient, but not at the desirable level. This highlights the need to establish educational opportunities on the management and treatment of insomnia and further deepening the theory and practice of sleep medicine in undergraduate and postgraduate students.

Palabras clave : insomnia; knowledge; medical residents.

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