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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528


TORALES, Julio et al. Attitudes and perceived challenges towards research of medical residents of family medicine: a pilot study from Paraguay, 2016. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2016, vol.14, n.3, pp.107-114. ISSN 1812-9528.

Research skills have been recognized as an essential part of medical education at the postgraduate level. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the attitudes and perceived challenges of family medicine residents toward research. This was an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional pilot study, of non-probabilistic sampling, which included 20 medical residents. A questionnaire on attitudes and perceived challenges on research was used. Descriptive statistics were performed for all variables. The results were expressed as frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations. Of the total participants, only 7 (35%) participated in a research project during residency, mainly in descriptive studies (30%) and case reports (15%). Sixty percent of participants responded that their residency did not develop a specific program of research training, although most agreed that research was essential for the development of an academic career (95%), improved patient healthcare (75%) and that the study of research techniques should be mandatory in the academic curriculum (70%). Paraguayan medical residents have positive attitudes and recognize the importance of research. However, only 35% have conducted research during their residency program; being the main challenge they face, the need for a protected time for research. It is considered necessary to redesign the curriculum of the Family Medicine residency program of the National University of Asuncion, in order to include research training in a transversal way.

Keywords : research; evaluation; attitudes; challenges; medical residents; family medicine.

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