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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528

Abstract

OREGGIONI ALMADA, Leticia; P. ORTIZ, Liz; JOY, Laura  and  MORINIGO, Macarena. Malnutrition in head and neck cancer patients at the National Cancer Institute. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2016, vol.14, n.1, pp.86-93. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/Mem.iics/1812-9528/2016.014(01)86-093.

Malnutrition is a common complication in head and neck cancer patients. Scored-Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (EGS-GP) is a validated tool for nutritional evaluation in patients with cancer. To determine the frequency of malnutrition according toScored-Patient-Generated SubjectiveGlobal Assessment (EGS-GP) in patients with head and neck cancer at the National Cancer Institute “Pof. Dr. Manuel Riveros” from 2014-2015. It’s an observational descriptive cross-sectional study with primary data. A total of 81 patients of both sexes, over 18 years old with head and neck cancer were studied using the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment during the evaluation period between 2014-2015. Scored-PG-SGA showed moderately/severely malnutrition with 64.2% ("class B and C" with 32.1% for each one). A high percentage of the patients display secondary symptoms (98%) and the dysphagia is the most common symptom observed. "Class B and C" were showed with more frequency in male patients, an advanced age, stages III/IV of the neoplasia, as in patients treated with surgery and chemotherapy and in patients with cancer in pharynx, oral cavity and proximal esophagus. According to Scored-Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (EGS-GP) more than half of head and neck cancer patients had moderate or severe malnutrition.

Keywords : Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA); cancer; head and neck; malnutrition.

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