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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versión On-line ISSN 1812-9528


ARROM SUHURT, Cristina Haydée et al. Depression in pregnant victims of sexual abuse. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2015, vol.13, n.3, pp.82-87. ISSN 1812-9528.

It was intended to determine the presence of depressive symptoms in pregnant victims of sexual abuse who came to pre-natal control at Care Centers of Alto Parana. It is a descriptive, cross-sectional study with consecutive sampling of 1049 women from four public hospitals. An anonymous questionnaire that included the Conflict Tactics Scale created by Straus and Gelles was used and completed by 20 students from the School of Psychology. Besides a list of symptoms associated with depressive syndrome from the Mental Health and Toxic Habits Study in Paraguay (1991) and document of PAHO fro case detection in primary health care were included. Descriptive and analytical statistics were applied to a 0.05 significance level (chi-square). The 54.5% (570) of the study population was under 24; 42.6% (447) had complete, incomplete and no formal primary education; 83.2% was married or living together, 15.3% (160) was single and 1.5% (16) was separated. The 59.6% (625) was housewife and only 20.6% (216) had income-generating activities. Depression was associated with psychological violence (p<0.001) and physical violence (p<0.001). Work activity was a protective factor against depression (p<0.0099). A trend to association (p<0.07) between the work inactivity and depression was found. Proven domestic violence becomes relevant for its impact on mental health, more probability of risks in childbirth, prenatal control deficit, spontaneous abortions, premature labor and birth, fetal injury, underweight or small babies for gestational age, as several studies point out.

Palabras clave : pregnancy; violence; depression; associated factors.

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