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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versão On-line ISSN 1812-9528

Resumo

ARROM SUHURT, Cristina Haydée et al. Domestic violence in a pediatric population receiving psychological care. Frequency, predisposing factors and consequences. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2015, vol.13, n.3, pp.24-30. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/Mem.iics/1812-9528/2015.013(03)24-030.

The objective was to determine the frequency of domestic violence and associated factors in a pediatric population. This descriptive and cross-sectional study included pediatric patients receiving psychological care at the Outpatient Service of the Department of Psychiatry of the National University of Asuncion, Paraguay between 2010 and 2012. One hundred and forty five clinical records were studied. The 55.5% (66) was women, 7% (65) was between 12 and 18 years old and 54.6% (65) was from Asuncion. The 74.8% (89) suffered one or more types of violence being the psychological violence the most frequent 69.7% (62) followed by physical violence 64% (57). Sexual abuse was observed in 14 patients (15.7%) which was significantly high in women (p<0.001). Violence by abandonment or neglect was present in 6 patients and higher in male patients but the difference was not significant (p=0.08). Violence between parents was found in 54 cases which was significantly associated with violence towards the patients (p<0.00001). In 82 patients, school problems were observed being its frequency higher in those who were victims of some type of violence but it was not significant (p=0.08). This study highlights the need for psycho-educational interventions in outpatient services on the consequences of domestic violence on the health of these patients for their   physical and psychological development. Besides, other studies are necessary to deepen in this area for prompt and timely interventions.

Palavras-chave : prevalence; domestic violence; childhood and adolescence.

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