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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versión On-line ISSN 1812-9528


ARROM SUHURT, Cristina Haydée et al. Domestic violence in pediatric patients with mental health problems. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2015, vol.13, n.3, pp.8-16. ISSN 1812-9528.

There are different types of violence that children and adolescents suffer in different environments, including homes, which produce devastating consequences. The objective was to analyze the diagnosis of children and adolescents who had consulted the Outpatient Service of the Department of Psychiatry of the Faculty of Medicine related to different types of domestic violence. It is a descriptive, cross-sectional study with non-probabilistic sampling. One hundred forty five medical records of children and adolescent who sought counseling from 2010 were used. Data were analyzed with SPSS 15.0 for Windows and DSM-IV-TR, for diagnosis. All cases presented some mental disorders. The most common disorders were mood disorders 39% (56), and among them the major depressive disorder was the most frequent with 87.5%. Other disorders found were post traumatic stress disorder in 11% (16) and behavioral disorders in 10.3% (15). From all the studied population, 71.4% (85) received some form of violence. The most frequent form, alone or in combination with another type, was the psychological with 49.6% (59) of the 85 who reported violence. A statistically significant correlation (p= 0.0058) was found between the condition of receiving violence and mood disorders. This work concurs with national and international data of children and adolescents who suffered violence, and the disorders found were similar to those of other works.

Palabras clave : domestic violence; child-youth; mental disorders.

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