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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versão On-line ISSN 1812-9528

Resumo

ROMERO AUSFELD, María José  e  AGUILAR RABITO, Ana. Relation between nutritional status and metabolic syndrome in adults. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2015, vol.13, n.2, pp.67-77. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/Mem.iics/1812-9528/2015.013(02)67-077.

Metabolic syndrome is the result of various factors such as abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, high blood glucose levels and high blood pressure, which can cause diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between nutritional status and metabolic syndrome in adults of both sexes. Cross-sectional study with secondary data from subjects who frequented the “Instituto de Prevision Social” health park in September of 2011; 98 subjects from 34 to 51 years old were evaluated. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 25.5%. In women with metabolic syndrome the circumference waist criteria were more frequent (p<0,001) and increased triglyceride (p<0,001), in men low cholesterol-HDL (p=0,001), glycemia (p=0,007) and high blood pressure (p=0,002). The nutritional status according to the body mass index indicated a higher percentage of overweight in men (89.6%). Relating the nutritional status with the metabolic syndrome in general most of the obese subjects presented metabolic syndrome (p<0,001) It it was observed by sex that most of the overweight women and obese men presented a higher percentage of metabolic syndrome (p=0,001). The nutritional status and the metabolic syndrome increased in proportional way, observing a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome in women with overweight and men with obesity. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 25.5% being lower the metabolic premorbid syndrome (22.4%).

Palavras-chave : metabolic syndrome; nutritional status; cardiovascular diseases.

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