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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

On-line version ISSN 1812-9528

Abstract

ASCURRA, M. Bioethical principles involved in neonatal screening. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2015, vol.13, n.1, pp.88-96. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/Mem.iics/1812-9528/2015.013(01)88-096.

This manuscript tries to identify the bioethical principles compromised with neonatal detection considering that any medical act, even the most simple one, will have consequences in the ethical field, especially when is carried out in a newborn, who should be seen as a highly vulnerable person because of its characteristics, involving the autonomy, beneficence and justice principles among others. Also, due to the subject other principles of personalist bioethics such as the right to life are approached. These studies, characterized by their role in the prevention of the damage to newborns, have also a bioethical connotation for future generations. The principle of responsibility is also included, making special reference to women with phenylketonuria, taking into account that a non-controlled or irresponsible pregnancy could give birth to a child with a disability. Apart from the principles above mentioned and considered because of their compromise during the process, there are others, which are not less serious, with consequences in any stage of life of the studied individuals, such as the stigmatization of affected but asymptomatic people that could be discriminated. The information contained in this manuscript corresponds to bioethics and neonatal detection collected from national and international literature, systematized in the principles of bioethics, protagonists and spaces involved in the process as well as the laws and legal guarantees existing in Paraguay. It concludes in a discussion where bioethics and neonatal detection are analyzed and intermingled.

Keywords : neonatal detection; principles of bioethics.

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