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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versão On-line ISSN 1812-9528

Resumo

AGUERO DE ZAPUTOVICH, F  e  SAMUDIO, M. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients with acne. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2015, vol.13, n.1, pp.7-16. ISSN 1812-9528.  https://doi.org/10.18004/Mem.iics/1812-9528/2015.013(01)07-016.

Acne is a multifactorial disease affecting over 40 million people worldwide. Despite the fact that is one of the most frequent reasons for dermatologic consultation, the country has no epidemiological studies about this affection. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients that consulted for acne in the Department of Dermatology of the Clinical Hospital from March to July 2013. This is a cross-sectional descriptive observational study that included consecutively 130 patients with acne, mean age: 20.3±5.5 years, 62.3% was women and >90% came from Asunción and Central Department. Family history of acne was reported by 65.3%. The acne onset was earlier in men than in women. Fat intake was the triggering factor mentioned more frequently by men while beginning of menstruation was in women. Improvement of acne was mentioned by 63.15% of women who used oral contraceptives. A high percentage (60%) of women presented mild to moderate acne while severe to very severe acne was more common in men (65%). The mean age (23±7.4 years) in patients with mild acne was higher than in those patients with severe acne (18±3.7 years). No association between the presence of family history, smoking, menstrual irregularities, cutaneous phototype, body mass index was observed. These results may serve as a baseline for future research and the establishment of diagnostic and therapeutic protocols in the country.

Palavras-chave : acné vulgaris; classification; epidemiology; Paraguay.

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