Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud
versión On-line ISSN 1812-9528
SAMUDIO, M et al. Morbidity perceived by residents of Bañado Sur previous to the implementation of the Community Surveillance of acute febrile syndrome, using Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2011, vol.9, n.2, pp. 15-25. ISSN 1812-9528.
ABSTRACT The Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare in conjunction with the National University of Asuncion, under the technical support of the University of the Basque Country of Spain, have developed a system of community surveillance for acute febrile syndrome called BONIS, established as a pilot project in the area of Bañado Sur in Asuncion, Paraguay in the the Health Family Unit Mutual Aid Center and Health for All (CAMSAT). In order to establish a baseline on the health aspects of the population; previous to the implementation of the system, a telephone survey was conducted from 18 to 28 February 2010. Three hundred and sixty six householders were surveyed, of which 76.2% were female. In 246 households (70%), at least one person with a disease was reported, yielding a total of 438 people with a disease. In this group, hypertension was the most frequent condition reported (36.3%), followed by allergies (13.5%), metabolic syndrome (12.8%), heart disease (10%), asthma (7,8%), diabetes (6.8%) and acute respiratory syndrome (5.9%). Few people reported symptoms consistent with syndromic fevers such as dengue. The pathologies that affect this community are similar to the rest of the country with a high frequency of chronic conditions. We highlight the need to strengthen community programs addressed to the identification and report of suspected cases of dengue. The community shows good attitude to collaborate in solving their own health problems, which facilitates the implementation of community surveillance based on ICTs.
Palabras llave : perceived morbidity; cellular telephony; ICT; community surveillance.