Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud
ISSN 1812-9528 versión on-line
FERREIRA GAONA, M. Evaluación del estado de salud buco dental en menores en situación de calle, asistidos por la Fundación de Ayuda Republicana (FUNDAR). Paraguay: 2009-2010. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud, jun. 2011, vol.9, no.1, p.21-34. ISSN 1812-9528.
ABSTRACT The child who works to survive is exposed to factors that would favor the development of pathologies such as caries and periodontopathies, which will alter his/her quality of life. The objective of this work was to describe the frequency of oral and dental pathologies, treatment needs and risk factors in the study population.This was a cross-sectional descriptive study including 90 minor children, assisted by FUNDAR in 2009 and 2010, in Paraguay.After obtaining the consent of their parents, the children were assessed using a questionnaire designed for this purpose.The most common diseases were dental caries (97.8%) and dento-maxillary anomalies (96.7%).Adequate tooth-brushing frequencies of 40% in males and 26% in females were found.The most frequently needed treatment was atraumatic restoration (91.1%).In relation to diet, the population referred low levels of consumption frequency of both liquid and solid sugars (in both cases: 84%); regarding time, there was a low frequency of inappropriate moments for liquid sugars (24%) but not for solid sugars (84%).The caries indexes for the different dentitions (from 3.1 to 6.2) were in the moderate and high ranges according to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) scale. The tooth-brushing and frequency of carbohydrate intake, as risk factors, curiously showed very low levels.Concerning moments of consumption, the risk was coherent in this study.
Palabras claves: oral and dental health; caries severity; risk factors; children in street situation; Paraguay.
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