Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud
versão On-line ISSN 1812-9528
LASPINA, F et al. Bacterial corneal ulcer: ethiological agents, antimicrobial susceptibility and treatment. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2009, vol.7, n.1, pp. 13-19. ISSN 1812-9528.
Bacterial corneal ulcer or keratitis is a serious condition that can lead to visual loss. Treatment selection is based on microbiologic studies and in susceptibility pattern of the especific geographical area. The objective of this study was to determine the susceptibility and best empirical treatment of patients with bacterial keratitis of the Chair of Ophthalmology of the Hospital de Clinicas whose samples were collected in the Microbiology Laboratory of the Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud. A retrospective review of the medical records of all culture-positive bacterial keratitis seen from July 2003 to December 2006 was performed. Out of 175 patients with keratitis 73 were found to be of bacterial ethiology. Of the 87 bacteria, coagulase-negative staphylococci (Scn: 27.6%) was predominant followed by Staphylococcus aureus (Sau: 11.2%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn: 10.3%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pae: 12.6%) and Acinetobacter sp (Ac- 8%). All Scn and Sau isolates showed susceptibility to ciprofloxacin and oxacillin, 89% and 100% to gentamicin and 80% and 88% to tobramycin, respectively. All Spn isolates were susceptible to eritromicin; all Pae and Ac- isolates were susceptible to ciprofloxacin and tobramycin, 73% and 100% to gentamicin, respectively. Ninety three percent of the patients received an empirical treatment with a reinforced antibiotic eyedrops of cefazolin 50 mg/ml and gentamicine 16mg/ml; and 7% with ciprofloxacine 0.3%. In this series, for the corneal ulcer due to Staphylococcus species and non-fermenting Gram-negative rods, the drug of choice is ciprofloxacin and for S. pneumoniae is eritromicin. Based in the results of this study, it can said that cefazolin and ciprofloxacin combination is an empirical therapeutic scheme that could be recommended for bacterial keratitis.
Palavras-chave : Bacterial corneal ulcer; ethiological agent; antibacterial susceptibility, treatment.