Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud
ISSN 1812-9528 versión on-line
RUOTI DE GARCIA DE ZUNIGA, M, ARROM DE FRESCO, CH, RUOTI COSP, M et al. Conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre el test de Papanicolau (PAP) en mujeres embarazadas consultantes de hospitales públicos del Departamento de Alto Paraná, Paraguay. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud, dic. 2008, vol.6, no.2, p.48-58. ISSN 1812-9528.
ABSTRACT The cervical cancer is the most common among women in our country and the most effective way to early detect it is the PAP. The objective of this work was to identify knowledge, attitudes and practices on the PAP smear test in women attending Public Hospitals of the Department of Alto Paraná. It is a descriptive study which applied structured questionnaires filled in during interviews with 1049 pregnant women in the main public hospitals of Alto Parana. For the processing, it was used the Software Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The participation of the women was voluntary and anonymous. The 66.3% (695/1049) heard about the PAP. To the question what is the PAP? 15.5% (108) has responded properly, 38.7% (120) imprecisely, 7.2% (50) erroneously 33.7% (383) did not know anything. In relation to the question what is it for? 12.8% (89) answered correctly, 37.3% (258) erroneously, 37.0% (257) imprecisely and 11.4% (79) did not know. Around 40.0% believed they should have it every 6 months and each year, 54.0.5% (372) considered that they should begin to have it at becoming sexually active and 41.4% (288) before 20 years old. The main sources of information about the PAP were: doctor 32.7% (228); family 24.3% (169) and nurse 19.2% (133); The 46.4% (487/1049) of the total and 70.1 % (487/695) of those who said they knew it said they have had it some time; 16.0% only once. There was a high percentage of women that did not have any knowledge about the PAP and that provided imprecise and wrong answers and that have never had the test.
Palabras claves: PAP; cervical cancer; knowledge; beliefs; practices preventive action.
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