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Memorias del Instituto de Investigaciones en Ciencias de la Salud

versão On-line ISSN 1812-9528

Resumo

FARINA, N et al. Latex evaluation for detection of group A streptococcus in pharyngeal swabs. Mem. Inst. Investig. Cienc. Salud [online]. 2005, vol.3, n.1, pp.28-30. ISSN 1812-9528.

Kits for rapid detection of streptococcus antigens from swabs pharyngeal are widely used in laboratories and consulting rooms but their sensitivity is low when they are compared with conventional culture methods. The objective of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of a latex agglutination method (Patho Dx Strep A, DPC) for detection of Group A streptococci in pharyngeal swabs from patients with pharyngitis who came to San Roque Laboratory from January to December 2003. In order to determine the sensitivity, 90 patients with positive cultures were selected and 280 patients with negative cultures for the specificity. For both methods latex agglutination test and culture, two samples were swabbed simultaneously. The two methods used were the Patho Dx Strep A, DPC kits for direct test and conventional methods for culture and identification. Out of 90 positive cultures, 60 were also positive for latex, yielding a sensitivity of 66.7%. Out of 280 negative cultures, 270 were also negative for latex, yielding a specificity of 90%. The positive predictive value was 86% and the negative predictive value 90% while overall agreement was 89%. Our finding showed high specificity (96%) but low sensitivity (66,7%) of the Patho Dx Strep A (DPC) kit. We conclude that a rapid test cannot substitute the classical culture method and we recommend taking two throat swabs. If direct tests are negative, the second sample should be cultured to prevent a wrong diagnosis and treatment.

Palavras-chave : latex; streptococcal group A; pharyngeal.

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