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Pediatría (Asunción)

versão On-line ISSN 1683-9803


BAEZ, Luis et al. Cost of motorcycle accidents in children under 19 years of age treated at a tertiary hospital. Pediatr. (Asunción) [online]. 2018, vol.45, n.2, pp.135-140. ISSN 1683-9803.


Traffic accidents are a serious public health problem, however, their socio-economic impact has not been described in Paraguay.


to determine the socioeconomic impact of motorcycle accidents in victims <19 years of age in 2016.

Materials and Methods:

this was a descriptive, observational, retrospective study. All patients aged ≤19 years who were admitted to the Trauma Hospital (TH) with a history of a motorcycle accident in 2016 were included. The data and costs were obtained from the Statistics Department and the Admissions Department of the TH.


700 patients were included, all of whom were admitted to the TH due to a motorcycle accident. The average age of the patients was 15.6 ± 4.33 years. 78% (546/700) were male. Of those injured, 450 (64.2%) were drivers and 250 (35.7%) were passengers. The average age of the drivers was 17 ± 4.3 years (range 11-19 years) and that of the passengers was 12.3 ± 4.4 years (range <1-19 years). Among the drivers, only 50.4% (227/450) were of the legal age to obtain a driver's license. Only 7.7% (54/695) of the victims wore a helmet at the time of the accident. 89.2% (625/700) of patients required hospitalization stays of 2 or more days of length, of which 7.6% required PICU admission. The mean number of regular ward hospitalization days and PICU days were 11.04 days (SD 14.85 days) and 16.57 days (SD 23 days), respectively. 25.1% (176/700) had some degree of disability or long-term effects and 5.4% (38/700) died. The direct costs per hospitalization per day in the ward and in the PICU were US$ 275.4 and 737.2, respectively. The direct costs for motorcycle accidents in 2016 was US$ 2,587,179.2. The years of potential life lost (YPLL) in 2016 were 2159 years.


The socioeconomic impact of motorcycle accidents represents an extremely high social cost, stemming from a preventable cause of death.

Palavras-chave : Motorcycle accident; premature death; years of potential life lost (YPLL).

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