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Pediatría (Asunción)

On-line version ISSN 1683-9803

Abstract

IRAMAIN, Ricardo et al. Consensus Guideline on Acute Gastroenteritis in the Emergency Department. Emergency Medicine Committee of SLACIP (Latin American Society of Pediatric Intensive Care). Pediatr. (Asunción) [online]. 2017, vol.44, n.3, pp.249-258. ISSN 1683-9803.  https://doi.org/10.18004/ped.2017.diciembre.249-258.

This document aims to provide an updated guideline for the diagnosis and management of acute gastroenteritis in pediatrics, as this disease is one of the main causes of consultations and hospitalizations. By performing an exhaustive review of the literature to produce a useful tool, this proposal aims to reduce the impact of the disease incidence, morbidity and mortality. The goal of gastroenteritis treatment is to prevent dehydration and electrolyte imbalance that it can produce, with adequate liquids, oral rehydration salts and maintenance of oral feeding. The causes of this disease are mostly viral and the criteria for antibiotic use is controversial. Treatment modalities to reduce the time of illness as well as the frequency of diarrhea are, in many cases, currently under study; therefore, guided, structured and systematized management will ensure the successful treatment of gastroenteritis in most children.

Keywords : dehydration; acute gastroenteritis management; rehydration.

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