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Pediatría (Asunción)

On-line version ISSN 1683-9803


HERRERA, Miriam Del Socorro et al. Consultation for dental extraction in Nicaraguan children: an approach to oral care needs. Pediatr. (Asunción) [online]. 2017, vol.44, n.3, pp.239-244. ISSN 1683-9803.


To identify factors associated with visits to the dentist for dental extraction in Nicaraguan children.

Materials and Methods:

This was a cross-sectional study that was carried out in a sample of schoolchildren from 6 to 12 years of age. We included 1400 children from public schools, whose parents / guardians were given a questionnaire to determine a series of sociodemographic, socioeconomic and dental variables. The dependent variable was defined as a dental visit for dental extraction (VDED), which was categorized as: 0 = No visit to the dentist, 1 = VDED, but not in the last year, 2 = VDED in the last year. For statistical analysis, nonparametric statistical tests were used.


The average age was 9.00 ± 2.00 years, 49.9% of the total were females. Of the total sample, 21.6% went to the dentist for a dental extraction, of which 9.8% did so more than a year ago and 11.8% had gone during the year prior to the survey. The variables that showed significant differences (p <0.05) in the statistical analysis of the VDED were age of the patient, the age of the mother, and the socioeconomic status.


One in five children had VDED. Visits to the dentist for dental extractions could be used as an indicator of the oral health status of the population, since they are an approximation the other health needs present in the population.

Keywords : oral health; dental extraction; schoolchildren; Nicaragua.

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