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Pediatría (Asunción)

On-line version ISSN 1683-9803


ALCARAZ CASTILLO, Claudia; BORDON SOSA, Jorge  and  RIOS, Denise. Frequency of anterior open bite First to Ninth Grade Schoolchildren and Associated Factors. Pediatr. (Asunción) [online]. 2012, vol.39, n.2, pp.103-106. ISSN 1683-9803.

Introduction: Anterior open bite has classically been described as a deformity of multifactorial etiology. Open bite in the anterior sector and posterior crossbite are two of the most commonly found bite disorders, especially in boys. Objective: To determine the prevalence of open bite and associated factors in students of the Gregoria. M. de Saldívar school. Material and Methods: We conducted a descriptive observational study including 52 students of the Gregoria M. de Saldívar school using a pre-coded questionnaire. Study variables included were the presence or absence of open bite, and the prevalence and association found with certain personal habits. Results: Of the 52 students, 28 were male and 24 female, with 15.4% presenting anterior open bite Of the 15.4 % of the sample with anterior open bite, 87.5% were girls; and in relation to the habits named, we found that 62.5% of the girls with anterior open bite had either the habit of thumb sucking or prolonged pacifier use. Conclusion: The etiology of this type of malocclusion is primarily due to habits of prolonged use of pacifiers or thumbsucking. According to the results of our study, the data obtained is related to these habits, with neither habit predominating compared to the other in those with anterior open bite

Keywords : Anterior open bite; malocclusion; habits; children.

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